History | Geography | Monography | Coat of arms | Authorities
Official News | Culture | Photo Album | Symbols | Contact Us
home >> national symbols >> the coat of arms of romania  
Organisation Chart
Subordinate Institutions
Decentralized Public Services
Town Halls

     For every nation, the coat of arms- the supreme heraldic sign- has a special importance. The images invokes the country's history, through which its tradition last forever and the signification raise the national feeling.
     In many national coat of arms, the constitutive elements are faithful to the national history, being unanimously recognized by all citizens. Such noble symbols are not only based on laws or decrees. There are, in the same manner, the essence of ideals and aspiration of the citizens, their common thoughts.
     In Romania, the whish for a representative, synthetic coat of arms dates back to the beginning of XIXth century. It lead to the establishment of a brilliant team of specialists in heraldic, that gathered remarkable personalities of Romanian science. In the moment when the State Archive was established and the studies developed, the experts identified the counties, provinces' coat of arms.
     After 1859 it was raised the issue of a representative coat of arm.
In 1863 was found the solution of reuniting the traditional symbols of the Romanian Land ( golden vulture with a cross) and Moldova ( an aurochs with a star between its horn).
     Afterward, in 1872, the national committee for heraldic proposed a coat of arm by combining the traditional symbols of the Romanian provinces: Romanian Land, Moldova, Bucovina, Transylvania, Maramures, Crisana, Banat and Oltenia.
     The coat was adopted by the Romanian Government and was used until 1921, when, following the Great Union in 1918 the new coat of Great Romania was created, by attaching the symbols from 1872: the sign of Hohenzoller House (s royal European house with origin in the Middle Age).
     It gave Romania four kings: Carol I, 1866-1914, the one whom transformed the country into a royalty in 1881, established the Romanian crown (made from gun steel captured during the Independency war) and two dolphins with lifted tails, symbolizing the Black See.
     Romania's coat of arms was replaced in 1947- when, under the pressure of soviet troops, the Popular Republic of Romania was proclaimed- by a decorative effigy symbolizing the richness of the country, framed by wheat ears, with a background of a sunrise and in the upper part a red star.
     Shortly after the revolution from 1989 Romania needed a new representative coat of arm. In fact, the first symbol of the revolution was the whole in the flag, from which the communist star was removed.
     The committee for heraldic worked intensely, submitting the Parliament two models, which were finally combined. The result is the actual design, adopted in September 10 1992.
The Romanian coat of arm has as central element the golden vulture carrying the cross.      Traditionally, this vulture appear on the coat of arms of Arges county, city of Pitesti and Curtea de Arges. It symbolize the Basarab dynasty . the vulture, the symbol of Latinity and first rank bird in heraldic, symbolize the courage, firmness, fly toward the heights, power and greatness. It is also on the coat of Transylvania.
     The shield it stays on is blue, symbolizing the sky. The vulture holds in its claws the sign of suveranity: a scepter and a sword, the letter remembering of Stephan the Great, called " Christ Knight", the scepter invokes Mihai the Brave, the first unificator of the Romanian Lands.
On the bird's chest there is a coat of arms divided in four with the symbols of the historical Romanian provinces, as well two dolphins symbolizing the Black Sea.
     In the first sequence there is the coat of Romanian Land on blue: a vulture holding a golden orthodox cross its peak, followed by a golden sun at the right side and a golden new Moon at the left side.
     In the second sequence there is the traditional coat of Moldova: a black aurochs with a cross between its horns, a five petal rose in the right side and a half moon on the left, both of silver.
The third sequence presents the traditional coat of Banat and Oltenia: above the waves a yellow bridge with two arches (symbolizing the bridge across the Danube of Traianus), from where a lion emerge holding a saber in its front paw.
     The fourth sequence presents the coat of Transylvania, Maramures and Crisana: a shield divided in two by a thin line: above, on a blue background, there is a black vulture with golden claws, a golden sun on the right side and a half moon on left; below there are seven notched towers, placed in two registers, in the first four towers, in the second three towers.
     There are, as well, represented the adjacent territories of the Black See, on a blue background: two dolphins placed head below.